Dr James Steele (@JamesSteeleii) is an Associate Professor in Sport and Exercise Science at Southampton Solent University (United Kingdom). James teaches across both exercise physiology, biomechanics, and research methods, is an active researcher and has published numerous peer-reviewed articles on a variety of areas relating to health and fitness. He is currently involved in a number of projects regarding resistance training including; its physiological effects; the impact of manipulation of variables within resistance training programs, understanding effort, its measurement and application; inter-individual responses to resistance training; and in particular currently leads the Resistance Exercise And Community Health (REACH) Project – an internationally collaborative project which aims to examine an intervention to increase initiation and maintenance of resistance exercise for public health using a home- or community centre-based, self-managed approach.
James has been on the podcast twice before (Part 1 and Part 2). This was his best yet. In this podcast, we dig into a ton of scientific literature regarding muscle gain potential and how the findings can be implemented into an exercise regimen for optimal upside. You will be hard pressed to find an interview on the subject of muscle hypertrophy that is more in-depth and informative than this. Consider this a master class in how to optimise your exercise regimen and diet for maximum muscle gain.
This episode was so complete from a muscle hypertrophy perspective, that until more interesting data on the subject surfaces, this will probably be the last episode with such a laser focus on this area.
For more context on the type of workouts that James shares on the podcast, see here:
- James Steele’s Bodyweight Routine | HITuni – YouTube
- Home Based Bodyweight Training
- 8 minute workout – YouTube (Ted Naiman)
In this episode, we discuss:
- How greater resistance training frequency may produce better results in terms of muscle hypertrophy in trained individuals and how this relates to increased protein synthesis and the attenuation of muscle damage.
- The ROI on increased frequency and the training approach to training and diet that is going to achieve optimal muscle gain.
- The literature on the subject on muscle fibre typing and discuss whether if fibre type does help to tailor a training protocol to an individual.
- The pros and cons of training not-to-failure.
- James’s current workout regimen and diet and how this has evolved.
- His thoughts on Myokine secretion from resistance exercise.
- How to optimise an exercise regimen to improve skill/sport performance.
- And much more.
- Listen to it on iTunes.
- Stream by clicking here.
- Download as an MP3 by right-clicking here and choosing “save as”.
Want to hear another episode from a pioneering sports scientist? — Listen to this interview with Dr Jeremy Loenneke. In this episode, we discuss Blood Flow Restriction Training, Periodization, General Adaptation Syndrome and HIT and more (stream below or right-click here to download):
This episode is sponsored by Hituni.com, the best online courses in high intensity strength training. I recently completed their personal trainer course to increase my knowledge and become certified in HIT. HITuni offer DIY courses to help you get better results from your training and personal training courses to help you start and grow your HIT Business. Visit HITuni.com and use the code “HIB10” to get 10% OFF.
This episode is also brought to you by, former guest, and health and sleep coach, Alex Fergus. Alex has worked with hundreds of clients from all walks of life to help them fall asleep faster and improve their sleep quality, as well as, optimise fat loss, muscle gain, overall health and energy level.
Alex is an accomplished athlete, representing New Zealand in rowing, winning national bodybuilding titles and breaking powerlifting records. He’s absolutely ripped and strong as an ox, and has won the Paleo f(x) RealFit competition 2 years running against some of the most fierce competition around. The first time around, he won the competition training only 15-minutes per week.
Alex attributes much of his success to optimising his sleep. As a former chronically sleep deprived young adult, Alex pays close attention to his sleep and has invested heavily to optimise his own sleep quality for maximum benefit. Alex has devoted much of his time to researching how to improve sleep and has a ton of experience helping his clients with theirs. For a FREE 4 part sleep improvement series with tips that will revolutionise your sleep quality and help you fall asleep faster to give you more energy, improved body composition and better well-being, sign up here.
Scroll below for links and show notes…
- Can increasing training frequency increase muscular hypertrophy? [07:45]
- Why increased frequency appear to run counter to the attenuation of frequency practiced in the HIT community? [16:00]
- How to implement the findings from the latest scientific literature into a training regimen [28:10]
- How long has James been experimenting with higher frequency on his own workouts? [33:10]
- How to regulate workout volume to optimise results and prevent overtraining [35:35]
- How much does diet really matter when building optimal muscle mass? [40:25]
- What should one eat to optimise muscle gain? [46:42]
- James’s diet [52:59]
- How to view/regulate your performance from workout-to-workout [55:40]
- Upsides and downsides of training not-to-failure [1:02:15]
- A review of the literature regarding tailoring training regimens based on different muscle fibre types [1:07:20]
- James’s thoughts on the benefits of myokine secretion from an exercise stimulus [1:23:43]
- How should one optimise their training regimen to improve performance at specific skills and sports? [1:28:17]
- James’s final piece of advice [1:39:20]
Selected Links from the Episode
- Frequency: The Overlooked Resistance Training Variable for Inducing Muscle Hypertrophy?
- Muscle growth: To infinity and beyond?
- What does individual strength say about resistance training status?
- Resistance training-induced changes in integrated myofibrillar protein synthesis are related to hypertrophy only after attenuation of muscle damage
- High Intensity Training (HIT)
- Influence of Resistance Training Frequency on Muscular Adaptations in Well-Trained Men
- Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back & Pelvic Girdle Pain
- High- and Low-Load Resistance Training: Interpretation and Practical Application of Current Research Findings
- Acute fatigue, and perceptual responses to resistance exercise
- Neither load nor systemic hormones determine resistance training-mediated hypertrophy or strength gains in resistance-trained young men
- Heavier and lighter load resistance training to momentary failure produce similar increases in strength with differing degrees of discomfort
- European College of Sports Science
- Acute post-exercise myofibrillar protein synthesis is not correlated with resistance training-induced muscle hypertrophy in young men
- The effects of low-volume resistance training with and without advanced techniques in trained subjects
- The Effects of Breakdown Set Resistance Training on Muscular Performance and Body Composition in Young Men and Women
- The effects of muscle action, repetition duration, and loading strategies of a whole-body, progressive resistance training programme on muscular performance and body composition in trained males and females
- The effects of pre-exhaustion, exercise order, and rest intervals in a full-body resistance training intervention
- Effects of drop sets with resistance training on increases in muscle CSA, strength, and endurance: a pilot study
- James Fisher and Luke Carlson – The Keys to Running a Successful Business, Optimizing Your Workouts for Strength and Mass Gains, and the Busy Person’s Guide to Working Out
- James’s Sprint Records
- From Geek to Freak: How I Gained 34 lbs. of Muscle in 4 Weeks
- The 4-Hour Workweek: Escape 9-5, Live Anywhere, and Join the New Rich by Tim Ferriss (Amazon US / Amazon UK)
- The 4 Hour Body: An Uncommon Guide to Rapid Fat Loss, Incredible Sex and Becoming Superhuman by Tim Ferriss (Amazon US / Amazon UK)
- Higher compared with lower dietary protein during an energy deficit combined with intense exercise promotes greater lean mass gain and fat mass loss: A randomized trial
- YANSS Podcast 014 – Melanie C. Green and how stories can change beliefs and behaviours
- Inter-Individual Responses of Maximal Oxygen Uptake to Exercise Training: A Critical Review
- Intermittent Fasting (IF)
- Threats to internal validity in exercise science: a review of overlooked confounding variables
- MedX Exercise Equipment
- Cybex Exercise Machines
- A comparison of volume-equated knee extensions to failure, or not to failure, upon rating of perceived exertion and strength adaptations
- Comparison of muscle hypertrophy following 6-month of continuous and periodic strength training
- Effects of periodic and continued resistance training on muscle CSA and strength in previously untrained men
- Can a fatigue test of the isolated lumbar extensor muscles of untrained young men predict strength progression in a resistance exercise program?
- ACE genotype may have an effect on single versus multiple set preferences in strength training
- Nautilus, Inc
- One-repetition Maximum
- Body By Science Contributor, Ryan Hall – How To Train Specifically For Your Genetics And How Genetic Traits Determine Exercise Results
- Ryan Hall Part 2 – How to Tailor a HIT Workout and Repetition Cadence, The Importance of the Negative Component of an Exercise and Evidence-Based Fat Loss Tactics
- Regression Analysis
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
- True and false inter-individual differences in the physiological response to an intervention
- Kieser Training
- There’s No Such Thing as Cardio | James Steele II | Full Length HD
- Resistance Training to Momentary Muscular Failure Improves Cardiovascular Fitness in Humans: A Review of Acute Physiological Responses and Chronic Physiological Adaptations
- Determinants of five kilometre running performance in active men and women
- Corporate Warrior on Twitter
- Corporate Warrior on Facebook
- Ted Naiman (Listen to our episode here)
- Jeremy Loenneke (Listen to our episode here)
- Brad Schoenfeld (Listen to our episode here)
- Dr Robert Schleip
- Ryan Hall (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1 and Part 2)
- Felipe Romano Damas Nogueira
- Dr James Fisher (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3)
- Luke Carlson (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3)
- Scott Dankel
- Bill DeSimone (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1 and Part 2)
- Tim Ferriss
- Dave Palumbo
- Fred Hahn (Listen to our episode here)
- Dr Stuart Phillips
- Dr Doug McGuff (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3)
- Ted Harrison (Listen to our episodes here: Part 1, A Day with Ted Harrison – Volume and Brevity, and Part 2)
- Tim Ryan (Listen to our episode here)
- Richard Feynman
- Arthur Jones
- Dr Ellington Darden
- Michael J. Joyner, M.D.
- Dr. Bente Klarlund Pedersen
QUESTION(S) OF THE DAY: What was your favourite quote or lesson from this episode? Please let me know in the comments.